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    • ECO Region Features
      Territory: 8 million square km
      Population: 457,534,000
      GDP: 1,968,910 (million USD)
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    • Social indicators


      Republic of Turkey




      Population growth ratek (average annual %)
      1.6b
      Urban population (% of total population)
      73.4b
      Urban population growth ratek (average annual %)
      2.0b
      Fertility rate, totalk (live births per woman)
      2.1b
      Life expectancy at birthk (females/males, years)
      78.1 / 71.5b
      Population age distribution (0-14 and 60+ years, %)
      25.0 / 12.0a
      International migrant stockl (000/% of total pop.)
      2 964.9 / 3.8b
      Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)
      3 006.3d
      Infant mortality ratek (per 1 000 live births)
      12.6b
      Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
      5.4i
      Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
      1.7i
      Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
      4.8p
      Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
      102.1 / 102.8b
      Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
      101.1 / 103.8b
      Education: Tertiary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
      88.3 / 101.0b
      Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
      4.3q
      Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
      14.9



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