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    • ECO Region Features
      Territory: 8 million square km
      Population: 457,534,000
      GDP: 1,968,910 (million USD)
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    • Social indicators

      Republic of Turkey

      Population growth rate (average annual %)

      2010-2015

      1.7

      Urban population (%)

      2015

      73.4

      Urban population growth rate (average annual %)

      2010-2015

      2.0

      Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)

      2010-2015

      2.1

      Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years)

      2010-2015

      78.1/71.5

      Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64)

      2015

      50

      International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)

      mid-2015

      2964.9/3.8

      Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)

      2014

      39811

      Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR

      mid-2015

      1985269

      Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)

      2010-2015

      13

      Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)

      2014

      5.4

      Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)

      2013

      1.7

      2011

      Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)

      2014

      106.5/107.2

      2013

      Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)

      2014

      98.7/101.8

      2013

      Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)

      2014

      72.9/84.9

      2013

      Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)

      2014

      4.3

      2012

      Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)

      2016

      14.9

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