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    • ECO Region Features
      Territory: 8 million square km
      Population: 457,534,000
      GDP: 1,968,910 (million USD)
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    • Social indicators

      Republic of Kazakhstan



      Population growth ratei (average annual %)
      1.6b
      Urban population (% of total population)
      53.2b
      Urban population growth ratei (average annual %)
      0.9b
      Fertility rate, totali (live births per woman)
      2.7b
      Life expectancy at birthi (females/males, years)
      73.9 / 64.3b
      Population age distribution (0-14 and 60+ years, %)
      27.9 / 11.1a
      International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
      3 546.8 / 20.1b
      Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)
      9.2c
      Infant mortality ratei (per 1 000 live births)
      14.1b
      Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP)
      4.4g
      Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
      3.3g
      Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
      2.8b
      Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
      109.1 / 108.8c
      Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
      113.5 / 110.6c
      Education: Tertiary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
      51.3 / 41.4c
      Intentional homicide ratem (per 100 000 pop.)
      4.8b
      Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
      27.1



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