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    • ECO Region Features
      Territory: 8 million square km
      Population: 457,534,000
      GDP: 1,968,910 (million USD)
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    • Economic Indicators

      Turkmenistan

      GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 47932
      GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 10.3
      GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 9031.5
      Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 14.6
      Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 48.4
      Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 37.0
      Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 10.1
      Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 47.1/77.3
      Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 103
      Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 109
      Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 ...
      Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 ...
      Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3
      Urban population (%) 2015 50.0
      Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9
      Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3
      Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 69.7/61.3
      Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 48
      International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 196.4/3.7
      Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 7171
      Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47
      Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 2.1
      Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.1
      Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 88.6/90.1
      Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 83.7/86.9
      Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 6.2/9.7
      Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 4.3
      Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 25.8
      Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 135.8
      Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 12.2
      Threatened species 2015 49
      Forested area (% of land area) 2013 8.8
      CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 66893/12.8
      Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 3210
      Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 210.0
      Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 3.2
      Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.1
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