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    • ECO Region Features
      Territory: 8 million square km
      Population: 457,534,000
      GDP: 1,968,910 (million USD)
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    • Social Indicators

      Turkmenistan



      Population growth rateh (average annual %)
      1.8b
      Urban population (% of total population)
      50.0b
      Urban population growth rateh (average annual %)
      1.9b
      Fertility rate, totalh (live births per woman)
      3.0b
      Life expectancy at birthh (females/males, years)
      70.8 / 63.9b
      Population age distribution (0-14 and 60+ years, %)
      30.9 / 7.3a
      International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)
      196.4 / 3.7b
      Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)
      7.2e
      Infant mortality rateh (per 1 000 live births)
      46.9b
      Health: Total expenditurej (% of GDP)
      2.1g
      Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)
      2.3g
      Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)
      3.1l
      Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
      88.6 / 90.1g
      Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
      83.7 / 86.9g
      Education: Tertiary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)
      6.2 / 9.7g
      Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)
      4.2b
      Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)
      25.8
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